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1923 cartoon predicts 2023’s AI art generators

Excerpt of a 1923 cartoon that predicted a
Enlarge / Excerpt of a 1923 cartoon that predicted a “cartoon dynamo” and “idea dynamo” that could create cartoon art automatically. The full cartoon is reproduced below.

In 1923, an editorial cartoonist named H.T. Webster drew a humorous cartoon for the New York World newspaper depicting a fictional 2023 machine that would generate ideas and draw them as cartoons automatically. It presaged recent advancements in AI image synthesis, one century later, that actually can create artwork automatically.

The vintage cartoon carries the caption “In the year 2023 when all our work is done by electricity.” It depicts a cartoonist standing by his drawing table and making plans for social events while an “idea dynamo” generates ideas and a “cartoon dynamo” renders the artwork.

Interestingly, this separation of labor feels similar to our neural networks of today. In the actual 2023, the “idea dynamo” would likely be a large language model like GPT-3 (albeit imperfectly), and the “cartoon dynamo” is most similar to an image-synthesis model like Stable Diffusion.

A 1923 cartoon by H.T. Webster captioned
Enlarge / A 1923 cartoon by H.T. Webster captioned “In the year 2023 when all our work is done by electricity.”

In 2014, the blog Paleofuture profiled Webster’s work and this cartoon in particular, noting that at the start of the 1920s, only 35 percent of Americans had electricity at home. Electricity and the devices it powered represented a radical new way to get things done. Yesterday, someone on Reddit noticed the cartoon again, and it went viral on social media.

Interestingly, despite rapid advances in generative AI technology over the past two years, image-synthesis models aren’t that great at line art yet, as a cartoonist named Douglas Bonneville often notes on Twitter.

But improvements in AI models that master hand-drawn cartoons may be just around the corner. And unlike other early-1900s future projections that involved personal butterfly wings and citywide networks of pneumatic tubes, this prediction from Webster seems to hit fairly close to the mark.

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